Japanese Terminology                          

 

Below is a list of some of the most commonly encountered Japanese terms in karate and their meanings.

General Terms

 

Training Hall

 

Karate Suit

 

Instructor

 

Bow

 

Kneel

Move to ready position

 

Ready

 

Start/begin

 

Finish/Stop

 

Focus

 

Martial shout

 

Martial state of mind awareness

 

Respectful greeting or acknowledgement

 

Formal Exercises

 

Basic Techniques

 

Sparring

 

Head

              

Middle Body

Lower Body

 

 

 

 

Dojo

 

Gi

 

Sensei

 

Rei

 

Seiza

Kamae-te

 

Yoi

 

Hajime

 

Yame

 

Kime

 

Kiai

 

Zanshin

 

Oss

 

Kata

 

Kihon

 

Kumite

 

Jodan

Chudan

Gedan

 

 

 

Dachi - Stances

Zenkutsu dachi 

Kokutsu dachi 

Kiba dachi 

Heisoku dachi 

Fudo dachi 

Hangetsu dachi 

Sanchin dachi 

Neko ashi dachi 

Front stance 

Backstance 

Side stance 

Parallel leg stance (feet together and parallel) 

Rooted stance (like side stance, but facing 45°) 

Half moon stance 

Hour glass stance 

Cat footstance

 

kokutsu dachi

Uke - Blocks

Gedan barai

 

 

 

 

 

Soto uke

 

 

 

 

 

Shuto uke

 

 

 

 

 

Nagashi uke

 

 

 

 

 

Empi uke

 

 

 

 

 

Morote uke

Age uke

Uchi uke

Tate shuti uke

Haushu uke

Juji uke

Kakewake uke

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Downward block

Outside block

Knife hand block

Sweeping block

Elbow block

Augmented block

Rising block

Inside block

Vertical knife hand block

Back hand block

X block

Wedge block

soto uke

age uke

Tsuki - Punches

Oi tsuki

Gyaku tsuki

Choku tsuki

Sanbon tsuki

Kizami tsuki

Ura tsuki

Stepping punch

Reverse punch

Straight punch (on the spot)

Triple punch  

Front hand punch

Upper cut punch

oi tsuki

Geri - Kicks

Mae geri

Yoko geri keage

Yoko geri kekomi

Mawashi geri

Hiza geri

Ushiro geri

Fumikomi

Ashi barai

Ushiro mawashi-geri

Ren geri

Front kick 

Side snap kick 

Side thrust kick 

Roundhouse kick 

Knee kick 

Back kick 

Stamping kick 

Sweeping leg kick or foot 

Reverse roundhouse kick 

Kicking combinations stepping between kicks

yoko geri kekomi

Uchi - Strikes​

Age empi uchi

Mawashi empi uchi

Tate empi uchi

Uraken uchi

Nukite

Haito uchi

Yoko empi uchi

Ushiro empi uchi

Shuto uchi

Tetsui uchi

Teisho uchi

Rising elbow strike

Round elbow strike

Downward elbow strike

Backfist strike

Spear hand thrust

Ridge hand strike

Side elbow strike

Reverse elbow strike

Knife hand strike

Hammer fist strike

Palm heel strike

shuto uchi

Kumite - Sparring

kumite

Gohon kumite

Sanbon kumite

Kihon ippon kumite

Kaishi ippon kumite

Jyu Ippon kumite

Jiyu kumite

 

Sparring 

5  step sparring

3 step sparring 

Basic 1 step sparring

Reaction sparring

Semi freestyle sparring

Freestyle sparring

kihon ippon kumite

  • LogoNoText.png
  • Facebook Classic
  • YouTube Social  Icon
  • Twitter Social Icon
  • KUGB my logo 2.jpg